The last time I was in the suburbs, I saw a smoke-filled place with a large sign that read, HOOKAH. The sign to the right of the entrance said, MUST BE 21 TO ENTER.
My friend’s 17-year-old son said, “All my friends are in there.” His friends are 17-years-old. I asked what it was and he said, “It’s smoke, but it’s not smoke. It’s safe. It’s like inhaling water.”
Oh REALLY? Looks strange. Bunch of kids. What a racket, I think.
When I get home I look it up. As suspected, it’s not healthy at all. It’s not like inhaling water. Time to educate kids and their parents, as these lounges are popping up everywhere.
Kids spend about $12.00 to smoke and they sell alcohol in these lounges. Of course, the alcohol isn’t to be served to a minor, but then how is the whole place filled with kids?
It’s amazing how NYC goes through so much trouble to ban cigarettes –yet these lung damaging dens are permitted.
FACT: Recent studies have found that smoking from a hookah is just as dangerous as smoking a cigarette.
Most of the people think hookah smoking as a safer alternative to other forms of smoking because the hookah smoke is filtered through water before it is inhaled.
FACT: Hookah smoking involves more nicotine than cigarette smoking because of the massive volume of smoke, smokers inhale during hookah smoking.
There is a strong belief that the water in the hookah filters out all the “bad stuff” in the tobacco smoke, but it’s completely a nuisance.
FACT: A study done by the World Health Organization showed that one hookah session of a mere few hours can deliver as much smoke into your lungs as 100 cigarettes.
FACT: Hookah smokers get more smoke than cigarette smokers, and here’s an answer to this question:
Cigarette smoke is uncomfortably hot if a smoker inhales it deeply. Hookah smoke has been cooled by its passage through the water. The smoker has to inhale hard to pull the smoke through the hookah. By this the hookah smoke goes deep to the lungs. In to the duration of a typical hookah session, the smoke deposits in huge volumes into the lungs.
What the Study say about Hookah Smoking ?
- Research indicate that hookah smoking can be even more harmful to health than cigarette smoking.
- Hookah smoke has a higher level of heavy metals and carbon monoxide than cigarette smoke, because of the charcoal which is burned on top of the tobacco mixture.
- A 45 minutes of hookah smoking is equivalent to smoking 50 tobacco cigarettes.
- It was found that smoking hookah for 45 minutes means consuming tar equivalent in 20 tobacco cigarettes.
- The amount of cellular chromosomal damage produced inside the mouth in hookah smoking is the same as that seen in cigarette smoking.
- The WHO advisory note states that “water-pipe smokers inhale more smoke resulting in more exposure to cancer causing chemicals and hazardous gases such as carbon monoxide. … Water-pipe smokers and secondhand smokers are at risk for the same kinds of diseases as are caused by cigarette smoking, including cancer, heart disease, respiratory disease and adverse effects during pregnancy.”
What is the bottom line for hookah smokers who think it as a better substitute to cigarette smoking?
Almost every method of making smoking safer is a mere nonsense. There is only one way to totally reduce the chances of fatal diseases caused by smoking, is to quit smoking completely.
What Hookah Smoking Does To Your Health?
The American Lung Association (ALA) identifies hookah smoking as a major health risk. The following are the health risks of hookah smoking:
- Lung cancer, oral cancer
- Gastric and esophageal carcinoma
- Impaired pulmonary function
- Heart disease
- Reduced fertility
- Low birth weight of the babies
- Hepatitis or herpes (caused due to the sharing of hookah among smokers)
A cigarette may last for about 5 minutes, but a normal hookah session would last for 30 minutes. According to a study, a single hookah session may deliver the following:
- 36 times the tar produced by cigarette
- 1.7 times the nicotine produced by cigarette
- 8.3 times the carbon monoxide produced by cigarette
- 1 hour of hookah session can deliver 50 liters of smoke whereas a single cigarette delivers only 0.5 liters of smoke
What are the Dangers Of Sharing In Hookah Smoking?
Hookah smokers can use their own mouthpiece while smoking the hookah communally. However, sometimes it so happens that they share the mouthpiece.
FACT: Sharing of the single mouthpiece can spread diseases such as herpes, hepatitis, tuberculosis.
Hookah smoking is not a harmless form of smoking. It can be as dangerous as cigarettes. The long-term consequence of hookah smoking would be increased dependency. Some youngsters, who innocently try hookah as a safe means of smoking, can get addicted. They can further switch to cigarettes as they can be carried around easily. All this proves that hookah smoking cannot be dismissed as safe alternative. Hence, it always helps to stay away from a hookah.
From Richard Hurt, M.D.
Hookah smoking is not safer than cigarette smoking. Also known as narghile, shisha and goza, a hookah is a water pipe with a smoke chamber, a bowl, a pipe and a hose. Specially made tobacco is heated, and the smoke passes through water and is then drawn through a rubber hose to a mouthpiece. The tobacco is no less toxic in a hookah pipe, and the water in the hookah does not filter out the toxic ingredients in the tobacco smoke. Hookah smokers may actually inhale more tobacco smoke than cigarette smokers do because of the large volume of smoke they inhale in one smoking session, which can last as long as 60 minutes.
While research about hookah smoking is still emerging, evidence shows that it poses many dangers:
- Hookah smoke contains high levels of toxic compounds, including tar, carbon monoxide, heavy metals and cancer-causing chemicals (carcinogens). In fact, hookah smokers are exposed to more carbon monoxide and smoke than are cigarette smokers.
- As with cigarette smoking, hookah smoking is linked to lung and oral cancers, heart disease and other serious illnesses.
- Hookah smoking delivers about the same amount of nicotine as cigarette smoking does, possibly leading to tobacco dependence.
- Hookah smoke poses dangers associated with secondhand smoke.
- Hookah smoking by pregnant women can result in low birth weight babies.
- Hookah pipes used in hookah bars and cafes may not be cleaned properly, risking the spread of infectious diseases.
A harmful form of tobacco use, known as the hookah or water pipe, may be spreading among youth in the United States according to researchers from the University of California, San Diego’s Department of Family and Preventive Medicine and San Diego State University. In April of 2011, they released a report that hookah use among teens in San Diego county rivals use of cigarettes. This trend is emerging even as cigarette smoking among high school students is on the decline nationally.
The team of researchers examined patterns of use, risk perception, and psychosocial risk factors among users, former users, and nonusers of hookah at three San Diego high schools. The paper, “Determinants of Hookah Use among High School Students,” was published in the April edition of Nicotine and Tobacco Research.
Wael Al-Delaimy, MD, PhD, associate professor and chief of the Division of Global Health in the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine at UCSD School of Medicine is the team’s senior author and a research expert in the field of tobacco control.
“Our study suggests that hookah smoking is taking hold in some high school-aged students at a rate higher than previously reported, which is rather alarming as an emerging public health problem,” said Al-Delaimy. “Our data show that inaccurate perception about hookah harmfulness, its social acceptability, and presence of hookah lounges in residential areas, is driving the higher use among the teens in our study.”
More than a quarter of the surveyed students (26.1 percent) reported they have tried hookah, and 10.9percent smoked hookah in the past month, which is comparable to the percentage of high school students in this study population who smoked cigarettes in the past month (11 percent). Furthermore, close to one third of hookah users have no intention of quitting this habit.
“Understanding the hookah habits of teens is important because a person’s tobacco use pattern – whether or not, and how often – is usually established by age 18,” said Al-Delaimy.
“Hookah use is related to diseases, including coronary heart disease, adverse pulmonary effects and cancers of the lung, mouth and bladder. Hookah smoke also contains many of the same carcinogens and heavy metals as cigarette smoke; longer hookah smoking sessions, combined with increased smoke volume, makes it potentially more dangerous than cigarettes.”
Joshua Smith, PhD, from Al-Delaimy’s laboratory, surveyed 689 students from three high schools within San Diego County and found more than half of the students first learned about hookah from friends (50.3 percent) and another 20.9 percent learned about it when they saw a nearby hookah lounge.
“The concern here is that the students surveyed believed hookah use to be more socially acceptable than cigarettes, and friends seem to be introducing this habit to others. They also believe it is less harmful than cigarettes, cigars, and smokeless tobacco, which has not been reported previously among high school students,” said Smith.
Researchers recommend that the legality of hookah lounges in California and other states be addressed, adding that the banning of one product (cigarettes) with the legality of another (hookah) may suggest an element of reduced risk associated.
“Policy makers and the tobacco research community should reassess priorities for this age group and address the growing hookah epidemic through continued research, media messaging, and restrictions on hookah lounges,” said Al-Delaimy.
In addition to Al-Delaimy, the research team includes Joshua Smith, PhD, MPH, UCSD Department of Family and Preventive Medicine; Tomas E. Novotny, MD, MPH, San Diego State University; Steven D. Edland, PhD, UCSD Department of Family and Preventive Medicine; Richard Hostetter, PhD, San Diego State University; and Suzanne P. Lindsay, PhD, MSW, MPH, San Diego State University.
Media Contact: Kim Edwards, 619-543-6163, firstname.lastname@example.org
The bottom line is stay away from Hookah.
- Legislature considers ban of hookah lounges, e-cigarettes ()
- The “New” Cigarette We’re All Smoking (Myself Included) (fancyayancey.wordpress.com)
- Fact Sheet About Third-Hand Smoke, Hookahs, & E Cigarettes (futureenv.blogspot.com)
- Utah Ban on Hookahs and E-cigs Continues Apace (ecigarettenews.info)
This morning, I step outside and feel a familiar cold chill –reminiscent of pre-sunrise in San Diego. Later, I glance out window. Sunshine hides like my favorite red augyle sock after laundry.
Gloomy skies get me thinking about Seasonal Affective Disorder and what new therapies exist.
People generally talk about S.A.D. (pun!) when Fall arrives. What about cloudy days in Spring? I’ve never been diagnosed with S.A.D., but I’m a bit of a hypocondriac. I know. Ironic.
Other people get to benefit from it. In the past, doctors. They laugh and say I’m the healthiest person they’ve ever seen. I get sent home with a lollipop. And a bill.
Friends and relatives benefit because each time I think I have something, I put my glasses on and do extensive research. Lightning speed. I don’t need eyeglasses anymore (thank you, Dr. Bell of The San Diego Eye Institute). Research Ninja at your service.
Ever since I was a little kid, my cousin Josephine and I loved researching our imagined illnesses. We loved using big medical words too. Some words made us crack up. Today, Josephine is a top pediatric nurse and I’m the health journalist ninja.
It’s written by a caregiver named Gary LeBlanc.
I contact Gary & ask for permission to share his blog. I thought it would help other people. He says yes. (Don’t worry, I get back to light therapy options for Seasonal Affective Disorder later)
I thank Gary for allowing me to repost his unique experience utilizing light to care for his father with Alzheimer’s disease. I always trust real people sharing their medical experiences, rather than professionals. I have to read between the lines with the latter. Who is funding them? What’s the agenda? Are they PR flacks? When it’s real people –there is no agenda.
Gary was the primary caregiver of his father for a decade after he was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. Gary has a book, but it is one based on his experience. It’s called, “Staying Afloat in a Sea of Forgetfulness.”
I notice his article got 7 clicks. Since I have over 1.2 million people within my social network, and most work in NATIONAL MEDIA and MEDICAL –I thought I’d share his story and shed some LIGHT on something a lot of other Americans are dealing with right now. It’s so cool when something little –something you can DO can make a big difference. Gary explains.
Light therapy lessens hardships
Published: March 22, 2012 Updated: March 22, 2012 – 12:00 AM
Even during the daylight hours he had trouble crossing the threshold into the bathroom. The difference from one room’s carpet turning into tiles had him believing there was a step, making him raise his foot high, stepping over nothing. Color contrast can become very deceiving.
A friend of mine, who cares for her father-in-law with Alzheimer’s, recently told me that when she takes him to his doctor’s office, there’s a black welcome mat that scares him to pieces. He refuses to walk on it because he believes it’s a deep hole.
As caregivers we must keep things as simple and safe as possible for our loved ones. Paying close attention to their habits is a good way to start.
For those experiencing Sundowners, also known as “Sundown Syndrome,” start lighting up the house a good hour before dusk. By preventing shadows from creeping in, this will take away some of the hardships experienced during that time of day. Researchers have even found that by using the correct color temperature light bulbs may have a positive effect on mood and behavior.
For instance, what is perceived to be cool-white light has been reported to help the patients remain more alert and verbally active. On the other hand, warm-white light, which has more of a reddish-yellow tinge to it, is said to keep the patient calmer, helping to temper behavior problems.
Unfortunately, visual perception becomes altered from Alzheimer’s. A good tip to keep in mind is to always consider the color contrast in all situations. If you’re having problems getting patients to eat, take into account the way in which the table is set. A white plate on a white table cloth may be very difficult for them to see. Think “Bold Colors.” Try placing their food on a red plate. Even when it comes to the silverware, bright colored handles may encourage them to start digging in. A recent study has found this method has increased intake by 25 percent.
Let’s say there’s a clear glass of water on a white table; change it to a blue cup. This will help them to visually recognize it easier, actually encouraging them to pick it up and drink from it, preventing dehydration. How important is that?
Here’s little refresher for anyone who isn’t aware of Alzheimer’s statistics:
Right now, 15 million Americans serve as caregivers, and this is projected to rise to 45 million by 2050. I got that from The Alzheimer’s Association.
1 in 8 older Americans has Alzheimer’s Disease and 1 in 7 lives alone. So, there’s all this cheerleading going on about “Living Longer” but are we living Healthier?
According to Psychiatric Times, as many as 50% of persons older than 85 years have some form of dementia (Alzhemier’s disease being the cause in at least two-thirds of cases).
Psychosis occurs in approx. 40% of persons with Alzheimer’s disease, and agitation occurs in 80% or more of persons with dementia at some point. The photo below on the left is what a normal brain looks like. The middle brain shows mild cognitive impairment. The one on the far right is Alzheimeer’s Diseasse.
When I first saw this photo this morning, I wondered why they can’t track the progression on MRI scans, and then a new study popped up saying researchers discovered they can do just that. News story below.
A study in March 22 issue of the Journal, Neuron says Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia may spread within nerve networks in the brain by moving directly betweenn connected neurons. They’re thinking an MRI could track the progression of it.
This makes absolute sense and I wonder why they didn’t have this A ha! moment sooner. I was also looking at photos of the brain this morning and photos of the brain without Alzheimer’s and with are remarkably different, so I had the same thought. Why can’t doctors track the progression with a brain scan.
I’d LOVE to know how to PREVENT dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease. Something is causing it in so many Americans. My first instinct tells me it is related to NUTRITION. Something people are eating or drinking is eroding brain cells. Is it soda? Did you see how when someone said they found a mouse in their soda and tried to sue the soda company –the soda executive’s defense was that it was “impossibe” because the mouse would have dissolved in the soda? Wow. If it can erode an entire mouse imagine what it can do to your brain. I could almost hear the fizzling sound of brain cells. Until we discover how to prevent it, I am always on the lookout for anything that can help patients, families and caregivers.
Consequently, my dear friend, Dr. Max Gomez from CBS just lost his father to Alzheimer’s. Sympathies go out to the Gomez family at this time. If you’d like to reach out, here’s a note from Max:
“Some folks have asked about flowers… please don’t. If you’re inclined, I’d much rather you send a donation in my father’s name, Dr Max Gomez, Sr., to the Alzheimer’s research group at NYU where they diagnosed and cared for Dad; check should be made out to the NYU Center for Brain Health and sent to: Center for Brain Health, NYU School of Medicine, Dept. of Psychiatry, 145 E. 32 St., 5th fl, New York, NY 10016. Attn: Dr. Mony DeLeon. They will also supply tax receipts. Thank you for your thoughts and prayers.”
Natural sunlight is always preferable, but LIGHT THERAPY is fascinating in that it can help with the following:
- PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome)
- Insomnia & Other Sleep Disorders
- SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder)
- ADD/ADHD (Attention Deficit Disorder)
- Stress Reduction & Relaxation
- CFS (Chronic Fatigue) & ME
- Pain Reduction & Management
- Acne & Other Skin Problems
- Wound Healing
- Medical Applications for Light Therapy
LET’S TAKE A LOOK AT WHERE YOU CAN GET LIGHT THERAPY, PRICES along with REVIEWS from HEALTHYLIVING.COM:
Phillips GoLight BLU
Light Therapy On The Go
Some researchers and light therapy users believe that blue light is the most important part of the spectrum for treating SAD. The Phillips GoLite BLUE is compact, portable, and operates on a rechargeable battery. It’s easy to bring it and use it almost anywhere.
Syrcadian Blue Light Therapy Device for SAD
Light therapy for your morning commute
This handy device is tiny, inexpensive, and very portable. You can mount on the top of your computer monitor, where it draws power vis USB cable, or plug it into your car’s cigarette lighter and mount it on the visor — you can commute and get your light therapy in at the same time. Two brightness settings allow you to select the amount of light you want.
Accessories for the Syrcadain Blue
Use it in your car; charge it from a wall socket
This kit provides clips to attach the Syrcadian Blue to your visor, and a car charger to power the device. Use your morning commute to get your light therapy.
Multi-country adapters to plug your Syrcadian Blue into a wall outlet.
Other Portable Light Therapy Lamps for SAD
Bring your light therapy with you!
If entirely blue light is too intense for you, Phillips offers a therapy device that’s half blue light and half white light. It features the same low weight and compact dimensions as the GoLite Blu.
The Litebook Elite runs on a long-lasting rechargeable battery. It features a custom lens to provide a uniform field of full spectrum light.
This portable plug-in sunlamp offers three intensity settings: 5,000 lux, 8,000 lux, and 10,000 lux. It comes with its own travel pouch so you can bring it anywhere.
Another portable sunlamp, only this one works on batteries. Coming in at 2,500 lux, it’s a good choice for those who experience eyestrain or headaches with higher lux, or who would like to double it up as a task lamp for longer periods of time.
This light therapy visor will be the next therapy device I try. It works on a rechargeable lithium battery and emits 10,000 lux of blue-green light. A visor is included in the package, as well as clips to attach to your favorite baseball cap.
An Important Fact Light Therapy and Bipolar Disorder
Phillips Dawn and Dusk Simulator
Sunrise and sunset, exactly when you want them.
The Phillips Dawn and Dusk Simulator allows you to wake up with the dawn, whatever the actual time might be. At night, use a timer so that the light dims slowly, triggering your body’s natural sleep process. The alarm also has some pretty nice sound options, such as birdsong — much nicer than a buzzing, jangling alarm clock.
Dawn simulators help you sleep and help you wake up.
Side Effects of Light Therapy
Stay Healthy, everyone! 🙂
- Brain Scans Suggest How Alzheimer’s Spreads (news.health.com)
- Computer model of spread of dementia can predict future disease patterns years before they occur in a patient (sciencedaily.com)
- Alzheimer’s disease spreads through linked nerve cells, brain imaging studies suggest (eurekalert.org)
- New Hope for Treating Alzheimer’s Disease: A Role for the FKBP52 Protein (neurosciencenews.com)
- Conference on Alzheimer’s Disease to be held at Pace University on April 25th (ahrcnyc.wordpress.com)
- Can Alzheimer’s Be Prevented? (fox2now.com)
- Alzheimer’s and Dementia Care Program (brain-masters.com)
- Computer model of spread of dementia can predict future disease patterns years before they occur (eurekalert.org)
- Antioxidant pills don’t help against Alzheimer’s disease: What does? (boston.com)
- Antioxidant supplements ineffective against Alzheimer’s, study shows (cbsnews.com)
- Alzheimer’s Disease “Jumps” Across Brain Cells to Spread (pdresources.wordpress.com)
- Antioxidants May Not Help Alzheimer’s Patients (health.usnews.com)
- Syrcadian Blue SB-1000 Light Therapy Device (gadget.com)
- Alzheimer’s Patients Benefit From Light Therapy (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Win Dakim Brain Fitness Program on Alzheimer’s Speaks Radio (alzheimersspeaks.wordpress.com)
- Splurge of the Week: ANSR (bellasugar.com)
- Ask Dr. K: Light therapy one option for S.A.D. (goerie.com)
- Seasonal Affective Disorder: It’s Not Nurture, It’s Nature (medtopicwriter.com)
- Nature Bright Light Therapy (texaskitchen.wordpress.com)
- The Alzheimer’s Show 2012 (keycaresolutions.wordpress.com)
- Brain Scans Suggest How Alzheimer’s Spreads (nlm.nih.gov)
- 2012 Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures report (bespacific.com)
- Longer Use of Alzheimer’s Drug May Help Patients (webmd.com)
- Alzheimer’s Disease – Antioxidants Have No Effect On Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Antioxidants May Not Help People With Alzheimer’s, Study (biospace.com)
- Alzheimer’s community gathers to share hope, love (mayoclinic.com)
- Caffeine boost: Drinking coffee cuts risk of Alzheimer’s, research suggests (mirror.co.uk)
- Spotlight on Alzheimer’s (mariadorfner.wordpress.com)
- Alzheimer’s Speaks Radio on Genetics & Memory People (alzheimersspeaks.wordpress.com)
- Cavemen didn’t get Alzheimer’s disease (theprimalsexy.wordpress.com)
Link to Gary LeBlanc’s book, “Staying Afloat in a Sea of Forgetfulness” at Barnes & Noble: http://www.barnesandnoble.com/s/staying-afloat-in-a-sea-of-forgetfulness?keyword=staying+afloat+in+a+sea+of+forgetfulness&store=allproducts
I love almonds. I go nuts if I don’t have some around. It’s my daily snack of choice.
So, I’m thrilled whenever more studies confirm what I already know to be true. They’re good for you. The British Journal of Nutrition found almond’s fiber blocks absorption of some of the nut’s fats. They’re also loaded with protein and high in antioxidants. 23 each day are recommended. Some of the health benefits include that they are packed with fiber, which physically make you feel full.
They also help regulate blood sugar, which helps prevent sugar crashes or spikes in your appetite. Studies found people with type 2 diabetes who consume them experience a smaller rise in blood sugar and insulin levels than people who had a meal without almonds. People who consume them regularly also have an increase of HDL cholesterol levels, the good kind. They also show a decrease in LDL cholesterol, the bad kind. They keep your skin youthful looking too and your muscles lean.
If almonds aren’t your thing, here are more nutty choices, which contain more HDL (good) cholesterol and lower levels of inflammation in the body.
My next favorite nut (we’re talking food, not people) is walnuts. My Dad loves cracking these open. When I was a kid, it was fun to watch him as I waited to get the prize. That was always fun.
I buy mine already cracked open (sorry Dad). Walnuts are also loaded with antioxidants and they’re a great brain food. Walnuts contain up to 20 percent protein and contain linoleic and alpha-linoleic acids, omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, vitamin E, B6, so they’re a fantastic source of nourishment for your nervous system. A healthy nervous system means clearer thinking. There is also research that says if you’re low in omega-3-rich foods, it may lead to depression. So, walnuts may improve your mood, as well as your mind and brain power.
In fact, they look like a little brain, which will remind you of the good you’re doing while snacking on them, or it will gross you out, in which case there are more nuts on this list for you to choose from.
My brother’s girlfriend once made a salad in California that was beyond yummy. Turns out, her secret ingredient was GLAZED WALNUTS. Super YUMMY. She showed me the bag. All she did was toss ’em into the greens. Presto. Beyond delicious salad.
Glazed Walnuts are SO good, I could eat them right out of the bag. NOT good. Glazed walnuts contain 62% fat, 33% carbs, and 140 calories per serving. They will cause a sugar rush. Bad for your teeth. Bad for your health. And you know “per serving” is a delicate number like 5 or eight tops, instead of the handful you want to graze.
My recommendation is do not snack on Glazed Walnuts. Some high end golf resorts (that shall remain nameless) put these in bowls while you wait for lunch. Avoid them. Seriously, it’s sugar in a bowl. They are still yummy to toss into a large salad. For snacking, stick with Natural Walnuts and Almonds. No salt. No sugar. NATURAL.
Pecans are another good nut choice because they’re high in antioxidants.
Pistachios are another good choice. People who eat pistachios eat less calories overall.
Hazelnuts are a good choice because they keep you satisfied longer.
Get creative with nuts. You can add them to your oatmeal or cereal in the morning. Toss them into yogurt. You can even toss them into your favorite pasta dish or serve them on the side of any meal. Otherwise, a handful in a bowl by your computer or television will keep you snacking on healthy foods instead of chips.
[photo: greek yogurt with blueberries and almonds]
- Pistachio Nut Grower Launches Virtual Roadside Stand With Farm-Fresh Pistachio Nuts (prweb.com)
- Kendra Wilkinson’s nutty new diet (cnn.com)
- Cracked: Health secrets of walnuts… They are loaded with antioxidants that fight disease (talesfromthelou.wordpress.com)
- Cracked: Health secrets of walnuts… They are loaded with antioxidants that fight disease (dailymail.co.uk)
- A Good Reason to Be Nuts About Walnuts (webmd.com)